Global income inequality has risen to unprecedented levels: According to a new report from Oxfam, the 62 richest people in the world hold as much wealth as those at the bottom half of the world’s income scale. Many politicians, economists, activists, and labor leaders have sounded the alarm, highlighting how inequality hurts the middle class, damages the environment, and impedes social inclusion.
CEOs and business leaders have been less prominent in this discussion, but a growing number are concerned about the chasm between the one percent and the rest of the world, and about inequality’s toll on people, communities, business, and the economy at large. We sat down with three of them to talk candidly about the role capitalism and the private sector have played in perpetuating inequality—and what those systems, and the people who work in them, can do today to challenge it.

Paul Polman, CEO of Unilever

Paul Polman says that inequality is the biggest obstacle we face to creating a sustainable and equitable future. “If you belong to this lucky two percent of the population that frankly can do what they want,” he says, “you have to put yourself to the service of the other 98 percent.” To address inequality and create shared prosperity, he emphasizes the need to make systems and institutions worthy of people’s trust.

Rajiv Joshi, Managing Director of the B Team

Rajiv Joshi makes a business case for tackling inequality: With 3.5 billion people currently unable to participate in the economy, addressing inequality represents “the biggest economic opportunity of our generation.” By sharing value more fairly, he says, we will enable millions of people to realize their full potential.

Martin Whittaker, CEO of JUST Capital

Martin Whittaker argues that capitalism and justice are not at odds with each other—it’s just that we’ve lost sight of the deep sense of justice embedded in early ideas about how capitalist markets should function. “We’re so focused on the invisible hand of the market, we’d forgotten about this idea of justice and the moral dimension of markets,” he says.

These videos are part of #InequalityIs, a series from the Ford Foundation exploring inequality in all its forms. Tell us what inequality means to you, using #InequalityIs.